Getting that initial diagnosis of Dementia is often such a shock, it may take some time to begin to gather information and formulate a plan with your physician. While the medications available today don’t cure dementia, they can help lessen the symptoms like memory loss or confusion.
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved two types of medications cholinesterase inhibitors like Aricept, Exelon and Razadyne and memantine (Namenda) to treat cognitive symptoms of dementia like memory loss, confusion and problems thinking and reasoning. While these medications can’t stop the damage done by dementia, they may help lessen or stabilize symptoms for a limited time by affecting certain chemicals involved in carrying messages in the brain’s nerve cells.
Cholinesterase Inhibitors: Prevent the breakdown of acetylcholine a chemical messenger important for learning and memory. There are three medications in this category:
- Aricept: Approved to treat all stages of Dementia, delays worsening of symptoms for 6-12 months on average.
- Razadyne: Approved to treat mild to moderate Dementia.
- Exelon: Approved to treat mild to moderate stages of dementia. Same type of drug, but comes in a patch.
Memantine: Regulates the activity of glutamate, a different messenger chemical involved in learning and memory. There is one medication in this category.
- Namenda: Approved to treat moderate to severe dementia.
A New combination drug: Namzaric has just become available in 2015. This medication is a combination of Aricept and Namenda for moderate to severe Dementia.
If you or a loved one has gotten a diagnosis of dementia, talk to your doctor about which medication would be the best fit to help lessen the symptoms of the disease. If the doctor prescribes one of these medications, make sure the medication is taken as directed by the doctor and make sure to let the doctor know how the medication is working.